General Type Standard:
- HEAD - Skull strong, broad and rounded.
Nose medium in length (no 'stop' but with slight dip in
Cheeks full and round.
Chin full and well developed, slightly tapered but not receding.
- EARS - Medium in size and placed well apart.
- EYES - Almost round but not bold. Blue in colour; the deeper the
blue the better.
- BODY - Long and massive
- LEGS AND PAWS - Legs of medium length and thick-set; paws short
- TAIL - Bushy. Medium in length and in proportion to body.
- COAT AND CONDITION - Coat long, silken in texture; full ruff
slightly curled on the stomach. The cat should be well grown,
the frame (skeleton) should be strong, well covered and muscular.
Eyes bright and temperament good.
- COLOUR - The distinguishing colours of the Birman are those of
Mask, ears, legs and tail dense and clearly defined (except in
kittens). On reaching maturity, the mask covers the entire face
including whisker pads and is connected to the ears by tracings.
- THE WHITE FEET ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE BIRMAN:
- FRONT PAWS - Have pure white symmetrical gloves
ending in an even line across the paw and not passing beyond the
angle formed by the paw and leg.
Colour of the paw pads irrelevant.
- BACK PAWS - Have pure white gloves (gauntlets) covering the
and tapering up the back of the leg to finish just below the
point of the hock.
Colour of the paw pads is irrelevant.
Scale of Points:
Head and ears:
Body, Legs and Paws:
Gloves and Gauntlets:
Colour and Condition of coat:
WITHHOLD CERTIFICATES OR FIRST PRIZES IN KITTEN OPEN CLASSES FOR:
1. Coloured toes / spots in the white area.
2. The complete absence of a gauntlet on one or both back legs.
3. Incorrect eye colour.
4. Persian or Siamese type head.
5. Runners (streaks of white) on the front of the front legs or
extending beyond the 'stopper' pad on the sides and / or back of the
6. Grossly asymmetric foot markings.
7. Spots or patches of white (excluding the gloves and gauntlets)
appearing anywhere on the body, particularly chin and chest. Note:
since the colour of the paw pads is irrelevant, an area of white on
the front feet that is attached to a large pad, which is itself
coloured, should not be viewed as a spot.
8. Any other defect as listed in the preface to the SOP booklet. *
SOLID POINT BIRMANS:
- SEAL POINT (13c1) - Points, dark brown; body, clear pale beige
with a slightly golden hue; nose leather, dark seal brown.
- BLUE POINT (13c2) - Points, blue-grey; body, bluish white, cold in
tone; nose leather, slate-grey.
- CHOCOLATE POINT (13c3) - Points, milk chocolate; body, ivory; nose
leather, chocolate. Additional Withholding Fault: heavy ringing on
the tail in adult cats.
- LILAC POINT (13c4) - Points, pinkish grey; body, off-white
magnolia; nose leather, pinkish / faded lilac.
- Additional Withholding Fault: heavy ringing on the tail in adult
- RED POINT (13c5) - Points, orange / red; body, pale cream with
slight golden hue or halo; nose leather, pink. notes:
1. Tabby markings, barring and tail-rings shall not be considered as
major faults, especially in kittens.
2. 'Freckles' may occur on nose, lips, eyelids and ears. Slight
freckling in a mature cat should not be penalized.
CREAM POINT (13c7) - Points, cream; body, off-white with faint
golden hue or halo; nose leather, pink. notes: as for Red Point
TORTIE POINT BIRMANS:
The colour on the points should be seal brown or chocolate
intermingled with shades of light and dark red, or blue or lilac
intermingled with shades of light and dark cream.
The presence or absence of a blaze is immaterial.
The points need not be evenly broken but each point must show some
intermingling of the colours.
Additional Withholding Fault: Complete absence of any of the
required colours from one or more points.
- SEAL TORTIE POINT (13c6) - Points, seal brown intermingled with
shades of light and dark red; body, fawn, shading unevenly to warm
brown and / or pale red on back and sides; nose leather, seal brown
and / or pink.
- BLUE TORTIE POINT (13c8) - Points, blue intermingled with shades
of light and dark cream; body, off-white, shading unevenly to pale
blue and / or cream on back and sides; nose leather, blue and / or
- CHOCOLATE TORTIE POINT (13c9) - Points, milk chocolate
intermingled with shades of light and dark red; body, ivory, shading
unevenly to pale chocolate and / or pale red on back and sides; nose
leather, chocolate and / or pink.
- LILAC TORTIE POINT (13c10) - Points, lilac intermingled with
shades of light and dark cream; body, off-white (magnolia), shading
unevenly to pale lilac and / or pale cream on back and sides; nose
leather, pinkish / faded lilac and / or pink.
TABBY POINT BIRMANS:
There should be a clearly defined 'M' marking on the forehead,
light coloured 'spectacle' markings round the eyes with spotted
whisker pads. Ears solid with no stripes. Clear 'thumb marks' which
are less apparent in dilute colours and mottled in the Tortie Tabby
The legs should have clearly defined, varied sized broken stripes
and / or rings with solid markings on the back of the hind legs
The tail should have many varied sized, clearly defined rings ending
in a solid coloured tip.
1. The nose leather should be pinkish outlined in pigment or to tone
with the points.
2. Markings in kittens are less well defined.
3. A ringed tail is desirable but a solid top-tail, ringed on the
underside, is not a fault.
TABBY POINT BIRMANS (excluding Tortie Tabby):
These colours show distinct tabby markings, although they are more
diffuse in the dilute colours.
Additional Withholding Fault: Solid points.
- SEAL TABBY POINT (13c11) - Points, seal brown markings on a pale
brown agouti background; body, clear pale beige with a slight golden
- BLUE TABBY POINT (13c12) - Points, blue markings on a light beige
agouti background; body, bluish white.
- CHOCOLATE TABBY POINT (13c13) - Points, milk chocolate markings on
a light bronze agouti background; body, ivory.
- LILAC TABBY POINT (13c14) - Points, lilac markings on a pale beige
agouti background; body, off-white (magnolia).
- RED TABBY POINT (13c15) - Points, rich red markings on a light
apricot agouti background; body, pale cream with a slight golden hue
or halo. note: 'Freckles' may occur on nose, lips, eyelids and ears.
Slight freckling in a mature cat should not be penalized.
- CREAM TABBY POINT (13c17) - Points, cream markings on a paler
cream agouti background; body, off-white with a slight golden hue or
halo. note: as for Red Tabby Point above.
TORTIE TABBY POINT BIRMANS:
These colours show the normal tabby pattern which has been
overlaid with shades of light and dark red or cream.
The extent and distribution of the tortie areas are not important
providing that both elements, tortie and tabby, are clearly visible.
note: The nose leather should be mottled pink and pigmented or to
tone with the points.
- SEAL TORTIE TABBY POINT (13c16) - Points, seal brown markings on a
pale brown agouti background overlaid and intermingled with shades
of light and dark red; body, fawn, shading unevenly to warm brown
and / or pale red on back and sides.
- BLUE TORTIE TABBY POINT (13c18) - Points, blue markings on a light
beige agouti background overlaid and intermingled with shades of
light and dark cream; body, off-white, shading unevenly to pale blue
and / or cream on back and sides.
- CHOCOLATE TORTIE TABBY POINT (13c19) - Points, milk chocolate
markings on a light bronze agouti background overlaid and
intermingled with shades of light and dark red; body, ivory, shading
unevenly to pale chocolate and / or pale red on back and sides.
- LILAC TORTIE TABBY POINT (13c20) - Points, lilac markings on a
pale beige agouti background overlaid and intermingled with shades
of light and dark cream; body, off-white (magnolia), shading
unevenly to pale lilac and / or cream on back and sides.
- SIZE AND CONDITION - Withhold certificates or first prizes in
kitten open classes on any exhibit which, in the opinion of the
judge, is not in excellent physical condition or is undersized for
its age and breed.
- THE FOLLOWING LIST OF DEFECTS APPLIES TO ALL BREEDS - Withhold
certificates or first prizes in kitten open classes for any of the
following defects. It is considered that these defects are
undesirable in breeding stock and may be detrimental to the
- FOLDED EARS - Where the top of the ear is folded forwards instead
of being pricked.
- SKULL - Any depressions or protrusions. (The skull should be
gently rounded to a greater or lesser degree according to the
- ENTROPION - Where the upper, lower or both eyelids turn inwards,
allowing the lashes or hair to rub the surface of the eye.
- PERMANENT SQUINT* - Permanent squint or any abnormality of
- REDUCED NOSTRIL APERTURE - Narrowing of the nostrils vertically,
horizontally or both, which may cause breathing difficulties. It is
often associated with flattened nasal bones and small nose leather.
- EXAGGERATED DEPRESSION OF THE NASAL BRIDGE (STOP) - The nasal
cavity is severely reduced, which may cause breathing difficulties.
This is often accompanied by blocked tear ducts. The nose should not
be excessively short.
- ABNORMAL POSITION OF NOSE LEATHER - When the upper edge of the
nose leather is above the lower edge of the eye.
- NOTICEABLY UNDERSHOT OR OVERSHOT JAW
- NARROW OR TWISTED LOWER JAW
- ABNORMAL ANGULATION OF CANINE TEETH - When the mouth is closed the
canine teeth should be nearly vertical, the lower canines fitting
closely between the upper ones so that the anterior surface of the
left upper canine and the posterior surface of the left lower canine
almost touch, and similarly with the right upper and lower canines.
The incisor teeth should from a straight line between the canines in
both upper and lower jaws.
The ideal bite is where the upper and lower incisors meet in
- DEFORMITY OF RIB CAGE
- FIXED DEVIATION OF THE STERNUM OR XIPHISTERNUM - The chest should
be rounded or oval symmetrically from spine to breast bone when seen
There should be no depressions or protrusions on spine or ribs.
The sternum (breast bone) should follow a gentle convex curve with
no deviation, depression or protrusion, and with no hook where the
- FIXED DEVIATION (KINK) OF THE SPINE OR TAIL AT ANY POINT* - Small
bony excrescence's need not debar the cat from being placed, but
should be taken into consideration.
- LUXATING PATELLA IN ADULTS - Where the kneecap can slip from the
front of the joint towards the side.
- ABNORMAL NUMBER OF TOES - Anything other than four toes on each
foot and one dew-claw on each foreleg.
- HERNIA - Consult the Duty Vet
- MONORCHID OR CRYPTORCHID ADULT MALES - Both testicles must be
descended and positioned in the scrotum in entire adult males.
- * Squints and kinks have been included in the list because they
are faults in all breeds, although the are unlikely to affect the
health of the cat or its progeny.